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WHAT'S INSIDE


An 🎧MP3 audio file is also included for 👂listening practice.

About the author:
Dave has been teaching since 1993 (martial arts) and teaching English as a second language since 2006. He is also a former stuntman who uses his experience to do consulting for Japanese movie subtitles for English movies. He runs an English learning blog and creates videos to help anyone trying to improve their English. In his own words: 
I love to teach and I love to help people! Since 2006 I have been building and creating English learning material for my students in Tokyo, and now with World English 808, I want to share my English tools with the world.

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English grammar - Other or Another? (+ Learn 2 idioms with ANOTHER)

Do you know the difference between other and another?

Other or Another? Learn the difference

I was teaching a private lesson in a cafe last week. My student works in a hotel, and she was telling me about something that happened at work. She explained the situation and I helped her to talk about it using natural English.

~ One of the guests wasn't happy with his room so he was moved to another one.

*was moved is the passive voice. Learn that grammar here

My student wasn't clear on the difference between other and another. Here is the explanation I gave her, I hope it's useful for you too!

① another = one more; an extra thing or person

This is a common way to use another in conversation. Think of another as 2 words, an other. We know that the articles a and an mean 1.

A piece of pizza = 1 piece of pizza

An umbrella = 1 umbrella


It's raining, I'd better take an umbrella


It's easy to see that another (an_other) can mean 1 more thing. Please look at the following examples:

  • The extra thing can be a singular noun.
“Would you like another drink?”
(Would you like one more drink?)

"I ate a piece of cake after dinner, it was very tasty so I had another!"
(One more piece of cake.)

"As soon as I finished my task at work my boss gave me another... I have to work overtime tonight."
(I have an extra task to do now)

"Another Starbucks is opening downtown next week. There will be 6 cafes in 3 blocks!"
(One more Starbucks is coming)


📓Grammar note

  • The extra thing can also be a plural noun that follows of.
“Clark put salt in the sugar cup again! It's another of his stupid tricks!”
(It's one more of his stupid tricks.)

  • Or the extra thing can be by a number and a plural noun.
“Are we there yet?
“We're close, just another 5 kilometers.”
(5 more kilometers until we arrive.)

A: “Are you finished folding the laundry?”
B: ‘No, I've got another 4 shirts to fold.”
(I have 4 more shirts to fold.)


Just another 5 kilometers

Compare other

~ other is used to refer to people or things that are additional or different to people or things that have been mentioned or are known about (not just one more)

“Are there any other questions?”
(You heard the first questions, are there additional [more] / different questions?)

📓Grammar note

Other is often used with plural countable nouns.

“Stacy and 3 other students were late for class because of the sudden, heavy rainstorm.”


Any other questions?


For additional uses of other please check Oxford Learner's dictionary .com

🔴What about my student's example?

One of the guests wasn't happy with his room so he was moved to another one.

The guest didn't get one more room, he got a different room. This is the second meaning of another.

② another = different; a different person or thing

“It's raining today, let's go to the park another time.”
(A different time than today.)

“The shirt had a small stain on the sleeve so I asked the store staff for another one.”
(A different shirt with no stains)

“One of the guests wasn't happy with his room so he was moved to another one.”

Can I get another room?

The word another has a third use.
③ another = a person or thing of a very similar type

"My niece is a great artist. She's going to be another Leonardo da Vinci!" (= as talented and famous as him)
*Do you know the difference between the adjectives famous and popular? Learn the difference here
"It was sad to lose Robin Williams in 2014. He was a great comedian, there will never be another like him."


Idioms with another

Idioms from idioms.thefreedictionary.com

one way or another - by some means, by some method
*We often use this expression when we are confident that something will be done, even if we don't know how yet.

"I had never built a fence before, but I would get it done one way or another." = I don't have experience building a fence, but I will complete this task somehow, some way.

"My blog was offline for a few days, but I was determined to get it back online one way or another."


Customer support

one after another - one (noun) after another
first one person or thing, and then another, and then another, in a row and often quickly; adding up to a large amount


"I had a great time fishing this morning! I was catching one fish after another." = I caught many fish in a row, in the end, I had a lot of fish.

"This house was a bad investment. The repair bills kept coming in, one after another." = I got many repair bills for my new house, the came quickly and in a row.



The repair bills kept coming in, one after another

Bonus PDF Download

Extra English that you learned from this blog post and (maybe) didn’t even realize!

In this special PDF, I will highlight some of the other grammar used in our example sentences.

  • 3 common English preposition examples
  • How we use the verb TO BE in questions
  • Other vocabulary and expressions
(Current Newsletter subscribers will find a PDF in there mailbox soon.)

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My BLOG is back! Thanks for your patience (FREE PDF download)


My awesome English blog is back online! This is a special “THANK YOU” post to all my followers and subscribers.

This blog was offline from August 9th until the 13th. I apologize for any inconvenience this caused.

Thank you, everyone, for your patience. I have 1 goal for this blog. Share my best English tips and learning tools with the world! 🌐 

My page went offline because I changed my blog address from blogspot.808english to WorldEnglishBlog. I did this to help more English students to find me online. BUT… I made a mistake that took my blog offline!!! It was my fault. 😕 


*Have you ever had computer trouble?
Tell me about it in the comments!

I did my best to fix the problem right away. Even though I made a HUGE mistake with my URL I was able to fix it in just a few days. (With lots of help from Google Domains 😉)

I want to thank you for staying with me, below you will find links to 4 of my favorite and most popular posts from the last 4 years. You will also find a link to download my "EACH and EVERY" PDF. Learn how to use these 2 words that are often confused.

Thanks again for coming to my blog and using it to improve your English. 👍


Enjoy this PDF and these posts. I look forward to helping you improve your English today and in the future 😃



EACH and EVERY PDF
To download



English idiom - A Slap on the Wrist


10 common English expressions with TIME


Increase your English vocabulary with the suffix ~ish


50 Phrasal Verbs

Don't forget, my blog has been added to the FEEDSPOT list of the top 50 English Blogs online!

English grammar Superlatives - Most, best, biggest... (2018)


Learn English superlatives

It's August already! August is the hottest month in Japan. We reviewed the comparative form (comparison) in my last blog post, so today let's review superlatives. Most, best, biggest...

Superlatives


Superlatives are the highest degree of comparison. Superlatives are used when we talk about an object which is at the top level or the bottom level of a quality. (the greatest, the most exciting, the busiest, the least popular, eg.) We use superlatives in sentences where a subject is compared to a group of objects.


Superlatives adjectives end in ~est...


"This blog is the greatest English learning blog in the world!"


...or follow the words most or least.


"The Empire Strikes Back is the most exciting movie of the Star Wars series."


“Jar Jar Binks is the least popular Star Wars character.”


Learn English superlatives


~ The way we make superlative adjectives is similar to the way we make comparative adjectives.

① For a one-syllable adjective add ~est to the end of the word.


long - longest
“The Amazon is the longest river in the world.” (According to Wikipedia) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_length


big - biggest (sometimes we need to double the last consonant)
“The Great Dane is the biggest breed of dog.”


② If the one syllable adjective ends with an “e” you just need to add the letters ~st.


fine - finest
“If you ask me, Club Gascon is the finest restaurant in London.”


cute - cutest
“Let's get that puppy! He's the cutest!”

Learn English superlatives



③ If a two-syllable word ends with a “y” then we will change the “y” to an “i” and add ~est.


busy - busiest
“The busiest airport in the world is the Atlanta International Airport in Georgia.”


④ If an adjective has two syllables but doesn't end in “y” or it has three or more syllables, we put the words most or least in front.


"She is the most beautiful woman I have ever seen!"
(Compared with all the women I have seen in my life.)


“That was the most interesting class I have ever taken!”
(Compared with all the classes I have ever taken.)


"Winter is my least favorite season."
(Compared with the other 3 seasons.)


Learn English superlatives
It's common in English to say that something is the worst
if we really don't like it.

"I got gum on my new shoes this morning! That's the worst!"


English Grammar point



🔸Irregular adjectives and their superlatives🔸

good - better - best
bad - worse - worst
far - further/farther - farthest/furthest

"Alex is the best golfer I know. At the summer tournament, he hit the ball the farthest. His drive went 250 yards!" (Almost 230 meters.)


Learn English superlatives



Superlatives are used with the article the.


English articles


We use the articles A, and AN when we talk about one thing, in general. One of many things. We use the article THE when we talk about a specific thing. Specific means one and only one, not one of many. Example- "Jim came to the meeting and sat in a chair." = There are several chairs in the room, Jim sat in one of them (one of many) so we use a chair. "Jim came to the meeting and sat in the chair beside the coffee machine." = This time Jim sat in a specific chair, the chair beside the coffee machine. There is only one chair beside the coffee machine so we say the chair. (Also only 1 coffee machine!)
(To learn more about the articles A, AN and THE please download my e-book 5 Simple English Communication Tips! It's FREE when you sign up for my newsletter here: LINK )



A superlative always refers to one specific thing. There is only one biggest, best or most (adjective) thing. It's specific so we need to use the article the with the superlative adjective connected to the noun.


"Mt. Everest is the highest mountain in the world."

"The Amazon is the longest river in the world."

"Alex is the best golfer I know. At the summer tournament, he hit the ball the farthest."


*Superlatives are used with one specific noun, but we can also count superlatives as part of a larger group. We will still use the in these examples. Please look at the following:


“America and China are 2 of the biggest countries in the world.”
In the group of the biggest countries in the world, America and China are near the top.

Top 5 biggest countries by area.
(The amount of land, not population.)
1 Russia  
2 Canada  
3 United States of America
4 China
5 Brazil


“Rolls Royce and Ferrari are 2 of the most expensive cars in the world.”
There are many expensive cars that you can buy, Rolls Royce and Ferrari are near the top of that group. (The group of the most expensive cars.)


🌞
There are many hot places in the world. I often talk about how hot Tokyo is in the summer, but many of my blog readers live in places even hotter!


I did some research for this blog to find the hottest place in the world. I was surprised by what I found! Can you guess where the hottest temperature has ever been recorded? The Middle East? South America? I guessed Africa but.....




The answer is California! A place called Death Valley, part of the Mojave desert. (Pronounced MOH-HA-VEE)


According to Wikipedia:


"The hottest air temperature ever recorded in Death Valley was 134 °F (57 °C) on July 10, 1913." This is the hottest temperature ever recorded on earth. That's hot!!!!!


Death Valley is also the lowest and driest area in North America.
(There is nowhere in North America lower or drier.)


Your turn!



What is the average temperature during your county's summer? What is the hottest month in your country?


*August is the hottest month for some of us, but not for my friends in the Southern hemisphere. Maybe August is the coldest month for you... So if you live in Chile or Brazil or anywhere in the Southern half of the world, when is your hottest month? How hot does it get? Tell me in the comments! Practice using your English and tell me about where you live! The comment section is at the bottom of the page.

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Check out these other great posts too!
🔻


Learn the Common English Summer expression!
🌴 IN THE SHADE 🌴

Talk like a native speaker! 💬Make your English sound natural 👂
http://808english.blogspot.com/2018/07/English-summer-expression-in-the-shade.html
Do you know what a 🕘"Time Zone" is? How about 🛫"Jet Lag?"
Different places around the world have different times and dates. 📆
These different areas of time are called time zones in English. 
 ↓↓Learn more here ↓↓

http://808english.blogspot.com/2014/06/do-you-know-what-time-zone-is-how-about.html


Check out these helpful English videos!


  

  

FREE 32 page English e-book with audio MP3!

WANT TO IMPROVE YOUR ENGLISH? Here's how to do it! Get a FREE copy of my 32-page e-book 5 Simple English Communication Tips ...

Most Popular posts from the last 30 days!