My BLOG is back! Thanks for your patience (FREE PDF download)


My awesome English blog is back online! This is a special “THANK YOU” post to all my followers and subscribers.

This blog was offline from August 9th until the 13th. I apologize for any inconvenience this caused.

Thank you, everyone, for your patience. I have 1 goal for this blog. Share my best English tips and learning tools with the world! ๐ŸŒ 

My page went offline because I changed my blog address from blogspot.808english to WorldEnglishBlog. I did this to help more English students to find me online. BUT… I made a mistake that took my blog offline!!! It was my fault. ๐Ÿ˜• 


*Have you ever had computer trouble?
Tell me about it in the comments!

I did my best to fix the problem right away. Even though I made a HUGE mistake with my URL I was able to fix it in just a few days. (With lots of help from Google Domains ๐Ÿ˜‰)

I want to thank you for staying with me, below you will find links to 4 of my favorite and most popular posts from the last 4 years. You will also find a link to download my "EACH and EVERY" PDF. Learn how to use these 2 words that are often confused.

Thanks again for coming to my blog and using it to improve your English. ๐Ÿ‘


Enjoy this PDF and these posts. I look forward to helping you improve your English today and in the future ๐Ÿ˜ƒ



EACH and EVERY PDF
To download



English idiom - A Slap on the Wrist


10 common English expressions with TIME


Increase your English vocabulary with the suffix ~ish


50 Phrasal Verbs

Don't forget, my blog has been added to the FEEDSPOT list of the top 50 English Blogs online!

English grammar Superlatives - Most, best, biggest... (2018)


Learn English superlatives

It's August already! August is the hottest month in Japan. We reviewed the comparative form (comparison) in my last blog post, so today let's review superlatives. Most, best, biggest...

Superlatives


Superlatives are the highest degree of comparison. Superlatives are used when we talk about an object which is at the top level or the bottom level of a quality. (the greatest, the most exciting, the busiest, the least popular, eg.) We use superlatives in sentences where a subject is compared to a group of objects.


Superlatives adjectives end in ~est...


"This blog is the greatest English learning blog in the world!"


...or follow the words most or least.


"The Empire Strikes Back is the most exciting movie of the Star Wars series."


“Jar Jar Binks is the least popular Star Wars character.”


Learn English superlatives


~ The way we make superlative adjectives is similar to the way we make comparative adjectives.

① For a one-syllable adjective add ~est to the end of the word.


long - longest
“The Amazon is the longest river in the world.” (According to Wikipedia) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_length


big - biggest (sometimes we need to double the last consonant)
“The Great Dane is the biggest breed of dog.”


② If the one syllable adjective ends with an “e” you just need to add the letters ~st.


fine - finest
“If you ask me, Club Gascon is the finest restaurant in London.”


cute - cutest
“Let's get that puppy! He's the cutest!”

Learn English superlatives



③ If a two-syllable word ends with a “y” then we will change the “y” to an “i” and add ~est.


busy - busiest
“The busiest airport in the world is the Atlanta International Airport in Georgia.”


④ If an adjective has two syllables but doesn't end in “y” or it has three or more syllables, we put the words most or least in front.


"She is the most beautiful woman I have ever seen!"
(Compared with all the women I have seen in my life.)


“That was the most interesting class I have ever taken!”
(Compared with all the classes I have ever taken.)


"Winter is my least favorite season."
(Compared with the other 3 seasons.)


Learn English superlatives
It's common in English to say that something is the worst
if we really don't like it.

"I got gum on my new shoes this morning! That's the worst!"


English Grammar point



๐Ÿ”ธIrregular adjectives and their superlatives๐Ÿ”ธ

good - better - best
bad - worse - worst
far - further/farther - farthest/furthest

"Alex is the best golfer I know. At the summer tournament, he hit the ball the farthest. His drive went 250 yards!" (Almost 230 meters.)


Learn English superlatives



Superlatives are used with the article the.


English articles


We use the articles A, and AN when we talk about one thing, in general. One of many things. We use the article THE when we talk about a specific thing. Specific means one and only one, not one of many. Example- "Jim came to the meeting and sat in a chair." = There are several chairs in the room, Jim sat in one of them (one of many) so we use a chair. "Jim came to the meeting and sat in the chair beside the coffee machine." = This time Jim sat in a specific chair, the chair beside the coffee machine. There is only one chair beside the coffee machine so we say the chair. (Also only 1 coffee machine!)
(To learn more about the articles A, AN and THE please download my e-book 5 Simple English Communication Tips! It's FREE when you sign up for my newsletter here: LINK )



A superlative always refers to one specific thing. There is only one biggest, best or most (adjective) thing. It's specific so we need to use the article the with the superlative adjective connected to the noun.


"Mt. Everest is the highest mountain in the world."

"The Amazon is the longest river in the world."

"Alex is the best golfer I know. At the summer tournament, he hit the ball the farthest."


*Superlatives are used with one specific noun, but we can also count superlatives as part of a larger group. We will still use the in these examples. Please look at the following:


“America and China are 2 of the biggest countries in the world.”
In the group of the biggest countries in the world, America and China are near the top.

Top 5 biggest countries by area.
(The amount of land, not population.)
1 Russia  
2 Canada  
3 United States of America
4 China
5 Brazil


“Rolls Royce and Ferrari are 2 of the most expensive cars in the world.”
There are many expensive cars that you can buy, Rolls Royce and Ferrari are near the top of that group. (The group of the most expensive cars.)


๐ŸŒž
There are many hot places in the world. I often talk about how hot Tokyo is in the summer, but many of my blog readers live in places even hotter!


I did some research for this blog to find the hottest place in the world. I was surprised by what I found! Can you guess where the hottest temperature has ever been recorded? The Middle East? South America? I guessed Africa but.....




The answer is California! A place called Death Valley, part of the Mojave desert. (Pronounced MOH-HA-VEE)


According to Wikipedia:


"The hottest air temperature ever recorded in Death Valley was 134 °F (57 °C) on July 10, 1913." This is the hottest temperature ever recorded on earth. That's hot!!!!!


Death Valley is also the lowest and driest area in North America.
(There is nowhere in North America lower or drier.)


Your turn!



What is the average temperature during your county's summer? What is the hottest month in your country?


*August is the hottest month for some of us, but not for my friends in the Southern hemisphere. Maybe August is the coldest month for you... So if you live in Chile or Brazil or anywhere in the Southern half of the world, when is your hottest month? How hot does it get? Tell me in the comments! Practice using your English and tell me about where you live! The comment section is at the bottom of the page.

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๐Ÿ”ป


Learn the Common English Summer expression!
๐ŸŒด IN THE SHADE ๐ŸŒด

Talk like a native speaker! ๐Ÿ’ฌMake your English sound natural ๐Ÿ‘‚
http://808english.blogspot.com/2018/07/English-summer-expression-in-the-shade.html
Do you know what a ๐Ÿ•˜"Time Zone" is? How about ๐Ÿ›ซ"Jet Lag?"
Different places around the world have different times and dates. ๐Ÿ“†
These different areas of time are called time zones in English. 
 ↓↓Learn more here ↓↓

http://808english.blogspot.com/2014/06/do-you-know-what-time-zone-is-how-about.html


Check out these helpful English videos!


  

  

English grammar - comparison (2018)

English grammar - comparison



The weather is hotter than usual this summer! I thought today would be a good chance to review the comparative form. 

This July was hotter than last July!


Hotter is the comparative form of the adjective hot.
“30℃ degrees is hotter than 15℃ degrees.”




Basic comparison grammar

Mike is taller than my brother.
The book is usually more interesting than the movie.
~Taller and more interesting are comparative form. 

Here is a simple rule for using adjectives to compare two things.

One Syllable Adjectives
add '-er' to end of the adjective.

Examples: cheap - cheaper / hot - hotter / high - higher

"Yesterday was hotter than today." 
"This computer is cheaper than that computer."

Two-Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y'
add '-ier' to end of the adjective.

Examples: happy - happier / friendly - friendlier

"Positive people are happier than negative people."
"Scott is friendlier than Fred."

Other two-syllable adjectives and adjectives with 3 or more syllables
use more + the adjective.

Examples: careful - more careful / interesting - more interesting / difficult - more difficult

"The shopping malls are always more crowded just before Christmas."
"Tokyo is more expensive than Toronto."

You may have noticed that we often use the conjunction than when things are compared. 

Dunkin’ Donuts coffee is cheaper than Starbucks. (Perfect)
Dunkin’ Donuts coffee is cheaper Starbucks. (Incorrect)

You don't have to use than in some cases where the meaning is understood.

"I go to the coffee shop beside my office almost every day, but I like Mr. Donut better." (I like Mr. Donut more than the coffee shop beside my office.)

"The shopping malls are always more crowded just before Christmas." (More crowded than other times of the year. We can understand this from the sentence.)


Comparison form is a good way to practice adjective opposites


Comparison form is a good way to practice adjective opposites. If you change the noun order in your sentence and change the adjective to its opposite, the new sentence will have the same meaning. Please look at this example.

"Mike is taller than my brother."

If we change the noun order and change the adjective to its opposite, our new sentence will have the same meaning.
"My brother is shorter than Mike."

 (Mike ← changes position with → my brother)(talloppositeshort)

More comparison opposite examples:


"December in Santiago is warmer than December in Toronto."

"December in Toronto is colder than December in Santiago."

*Hot can sometimes have a negative feeling, warm has a more positive feeling. Especially when we talk about the weather.

"It's warm today." - The feeling is nice.

"It’s hot today!" - The feeling is not so comfortable.

Cool is the opposite of warm, but when we talk about the weather it's natural to say cold if we want to show a negative feeling.

Santiago weather is warm (comfortable) in December. Toronto weather is cold (uncomfortable) in December.

Uncomfortableoppositecomfortable

*If an adjective's opposite is longer or shorter, remember to use the correct comparison form.

"Dunkin’ Donuts coffee is cheaper than Starbucks."
(Cheap has 1 syllable so we add ~er)
Starbucks coffee is more expensive than Dunkin’ Donuts.
(Expensive has 3 syllables so we put more in front)

cheap ←opposite→ expensive


Irregular adjectives comparison form


Some adjectives have an irregular comparison form.

good - better 
bad - worse 
far - farther / further

2 hands working are better than 100 hands begging.
100 hands begging are worse than 2 hands working.

Ken’s house is closer to the train station than mine.
My house is farther from the train station than Ken's.

*Grammar point ~
  • We use the preposition to with the adjective close.
  • We use the preposition from with the adjective far.
There is a convenience store close to the laundromat.
Unfortunately, our hotel was quite far from the beach.


To make the negative form of more + adjective we can replace more with less.


We will change the order of the nouns again and replace more with less. Our new sentence will have the same meaning as the original.

Writing in Japanese is more complicated than writing in English. (The Japanese language uses 3 alphabets!)

Writing in English is less complicated than writing in Japanese

2 hands working are more useful than 100 hands begging.

100 hands begging are less useful than 2 hands working.

The book is usually more interesting than the movie.

The movie is usually less interesting than the book.

*The grammar in the second sentence above is correct, but it's not natural. A native speaker might say:

"The movie is usually not as interesting as the book."

not as adjective as



Another way to compare adjectives is with the pattern "not as adjective as. Please look at these examples:

My brother is not as tall as Mike.
This is like saying “My brother is shorter than Mike.”

Dunkin’ Donuts is not as crowded as Starbucks.
This is like saying “Dunkin’ Donuts is less crowded than Starbucks.”

Bruce's new laptop is not as heavy as his old one.
~ His new laptop is lighter.



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Thanks to CBC News for weather info used in this post and Wikipedia.

My BLOG is back! Thanks for your patience (FREE PDF download)

My awesome English blog is back online! This is a special “ THANK YOU ” post to all my followers and subscribers. This blog was offline...

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