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Little and Few \ A little and A few

LITTLE is used with uncountable nouns and FEW is used with nouns we can count. LITTLE and FEW mean not much/not many. Here are some examples:

"I am very busy with work, I have LITTLE time for other things."
"Most of my friends moved away after high school, I have FEW friends in my hometown now."
This grammar is correct, but in conversation NOT MUCH and NOT MANY are more common.

"I am very busy with work, I DON'T have MUCH time for other things."
"Most of my friends moved away after high school, I DON'T have MANY friends in my hometown now."
These are more natural in conversation.

BUT
A LITTLE means a small amount and A FEW means a small number. Here are some examples:
"If you have A LITTLE time I would like to talk to you." (a small amount of time, some time)
"I saw the 'Amazing Spiderman' A FEW days ago. It was great!" (a small number of days ago, some days)

COMPARE
"I speak LITTLE Japanese so I can't communicate well in Tokyo." (I don't speak much Japanese)
"I speak A LITTLE Japanese so I can give directions to a Tokyo taxi driver. (I can speak a small amount of Japanese)

"To the station! I don't have MUCH time! I have A FEW friends visiting Tokyo today."

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