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Some phrasal verbs with "OUT"

In English, we often use phrasal verbs in conversation. A phrasal verb is a verb that is used together with another word, and together they have a new meaning. Here is an example:
"LOOK OUT! A car is coming!" - LOOK OUT is a phrasal verb. Look is a verb, the meaning of look is :
to turn one's head or eyes so you can see something.
"Hey, look outside! There is a bird sitting on your bike!"
But if we use the verb LOOK with the word OUT the meaning changes to "be careful!" It becomes a warning.
"LOOK OUT! A car is coming!" = "Be careful! A car is coming!"

We can also use "WATCH OUT!" it has the same meaning.
Do you understand a phrasal verb now? Lets look at a few more.

"I didn't finish college, I DROPPED OUT after second year." The verb drop means:
to cause or let fall.
"I dropped my wallet in a puddle, now my cards are all wet!"
Can you guess the meaning of DROP OUT? It means to stop before you have completely finished something.
I didn't finish college, I DROPPED OUT after second year." = "I quit college before I finished my program."

One more. "I don't have anything to eat in my fridge. Lets EAT OUT tonight."
This is an easy one. EAT OUT means eat at a restaurant, not at home.

My kitchen is a little messy, lets EAT OUT tonight!



Today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow...


Please look at the following calendar:



Lets pretend that today is Wednesday, February 9. We will start with future times, and an easy one, what do we call Thursday February 10th? Tomorrow of course! 
Now when we talk about Friday February 11th we will say "the day after tomorrow." 
"I will go to Hokkaido the day after tomorrow."
After Friday the 11th we count how may days forward and use the preposition IN. Remember that today is Wednesday, February 9, so if we want to talk about Saturday, February 12th we would say "IN 3 days."
"I will go to Hokkaido IN 3 days." = 3 days from today.
What would we say for Sunday the 13th? That's right! "IN 4 days."

Now past times, what do we call Tuesday, February 8th? Yesterday!
Now what do you think we call Monday, February 7th? We say "the day before yesterday." Past is the opposite of the future so we can remember....    
before <=> after        yesterday <=> tomorrow
"I went to Hokkaido the day before yesterday."
Before Monday, February 7th we count backwards and use the word AGO. Remember that today is Wednesday, February 9, so if we want to talk about Sunday February 6th we would say "3 days AGO."
"I went to Hokkaido 3 days AGO." = 3 days earlier.
What would we say for Saturday, February 5th? You got it! "4 days AGO."


"Where is my new computer!!! I ordered it 6 days AGO!!!"
"I'm sorry sir, your computer should arrive the day after tomorrow."

On time / In time

Lets use some more prepositions today.

ON time = not late

If something happens ON time, it happens at the time which was planned.

examples:

"The 10:35 train was ON time." = It left at 10:35, it left the station at it's planned time.
"Lets meet at the restaurant at 6:30 tomorrow. Please be ON time because we have a reservation." = Please don't be late.

The opposite of "ON time" is "late."

IN time = soon enough

We say someone is IN time for something, or IN time to do something.

examples:

"My train is late, I hope I am home IN time for dinner." = Soon enough for dinner.
"I sent my sister a birthday gift. I hope it arrives IN time." = For her birthday.
"I hope I get home IN time to watch to watch the baseball game." Soon enough to watch the game.

The opposite of "IN time" is "too late."

Ah! I have to go! I want to be on
time for  my meeting!



In the paper - On TV

Using words like in, at, on can be confusing. These words are called prepositions and they are important to understand if we want to speak natural English.

Today we will look at in and on, and how we use them to talk about something we read, heard or saw. Please read the following example:

A: "Did you hear about Ichiro getting traded to the New York Yankees last month!?"
B: "Yes I read it IN the newspaper."

If our information comes from something we read, a newspaper, a magazine, a report etc. we use the preposition IN.

"There was a beautiful picture of Angelina Jolie IN People magazine last month."
"Our company made a profit last year! I read it IN the annual report."

Lets look at a different example:

A: "Did you hear about Ichiro getting traded to the New York Yankees last month!?"
B: "Yes I saw it ON T.V. last night." OR "Yes I saw it ON the news last night."

If our information comes from something we hear or see from the radio or television we use the preposition ON.

"I heard a great song ON the radio this morning while I was driving to work."
"Did you know that Tom and Katie are getting a divorce? I saw it ON TV last night!"

***We also use the preposition ON when we get our information from the Internet.***

"I read about it ON the Internet!!!" "I saw a video ON Youtube."

There is a Hurricane coming! I saw it ON  the news last night!!

Turbulence

Hi again and once more I'm sorry for not posting a new blog every week. Illness and a vacation are the reasons (excuses!)  Okay! Lets go!!!

I recently flew to Phuket Thailand and the airplane experienced some turbulence.
Lets look at the meaning first, then I want to look at pronunciation (sound) today.
Turbulence = movements of air pockets that can cause an airplane to shake while flying.
If you have ever flown in an airplane you have probably felt your plane suddenly move or shake, this is caused by air turbulence.

Pronunciation is important when learning a new language. It is the use of stress, rhythm and tone while speaking. The best way to learn pronunciation is to hear a native speaker and try to copy their sounds. Here I will use spelling that will help you to understand the sounds of the word. For example you know the pronunciation of telephone, the sound is telefone. In English we have a few examples of the letters PH making an F sound. Elephant for example sounds like "ELEFANT"

Turbulence sounds like TUR (like turn) BYU (like beauty) LENTS. TUR-BYU-LENTS.
Have you ever heard the word ambulance? In ambulance the "BU" makes the same "BYU" sound.
AM-BYU-LANTS

I hope this is helpful!

Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts
we are expecting some mild turbulence.

Learn 50 common English phrasal verbs! + Lots of real examples!

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