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English vocabulary from the World Cup - eliminate

It's the round of 16 now! 32 teams qualified for the 2014 World Cup so 16 teams have been eliminated. 
On May 19th I posted a blog that explained some English meanings for the verb qualify.
(click the image below to review that post!)
Today let's look at a few ways to use eliminate.

eliminate

 verb
1 to remove or get rid of something/somebodyeliminate something/somebodyCredit cards eliminate the need to carry a lot of cash.eliminate something/somebody from somethingThe police have eliminated two suspects from their investigation.This diet claims to eliminate toxins from the body.2eliminate somebody (from something)to defeat a person or a team so that they no longer take part in a competition, etc.synonym
 knock outAll the English teams were eliminated in the early stages of the competition.She was eliminated from the tournament in the first round.

Click images for full news story!




Definitions from:




Here is a collection of 4 simple English games online

Online English practice game - Falling clouds

Practice grammar and word order. Move the clouds around to make sentences. Practice simple English sentence patterns with this game.

Click the picture to play!

Online English practice game - 5 Adjectives

Click the picture to play!


Simple Question word game


Choose any game (I chose the pirate game)


Choose Single Mode


Click the dice to play and move


Choose the correct answer and click submit!


Click here to play!

Present continuous game

Here is a game I found to practice your verbs in the present continuous. (Verb + ...ING)
Click the picture to visit the site and play!



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English expressions "Top me up"

Top me up please!
Can you top me up? = refill my glass or cup with more drink. Fill to the top again.

Can I top you up?

A: "More coffee sir?"
B: "Sure, top me up. Thanks."

"Thanks for the top up."

top somebody up

 (especially British Englishto fill somebody's glass or cup with something more to drinkCan I top you up?related noun top-up

An apple a day... Listening practice!

Audio listening practice!
 Listen to the MP3 from the story and fill in the blanks.
Click the image the audio!
An apple a day keeps the doctor away


New research says eating an apple every day can _____ your body from a heart attack. The research is from Oxford _______ in England. The researchers said if people in England over 50 years old ate a daily apple, 8,500 _____ people would die each year from heart attacks and strokes. They added that if all adults ate more fruit and _________ every day, there would be 11,000 fewer deaths in England. Lead researcher Dr Adam Briggs ______ how healthier eating can have big effects on our health. He said: "It just shows how effective small changes in diet can be, and that both drugs and _____ living can make a real difference in preventing heart disease and stroke."


The phrase "an apple a day keeps the doctor away" ______ the English language over 100 years ago. People in the 19th century knew about the benefits of apples. Scientists in the 21st ______ are still telling us. Apples contain chemicals that lower _______ in our bodies. Too much cholesterol increases the risk of ______ a heart attack. Wikipedia.com says there are more than 7,500 different _____ of apples. In 2010, we ate 69 _______ tons of the fruit. China grows _____ half of the world's apples. The USA is the second-leading producer, with around six per cent of the world’s _________. People do many things with apples, from eating them raw, baking them, stewing them, and making _____ and cakes with them.

English proverbs - An apple a day keeps the doctor away

This is my 300th BLOG post!!!
Today is 3 x the English!!!

For today's special post we will:
1. Learn a new proverb 
2. Read a news story 
3. Practice using the conditional clause "IF" that we learned yesterday! 
Click image to go to yesterday's IF post

The proverb: An apple a day keeps the doctor away
This proverb means if you eat an apple every day you will be healthy. (You won't need to see a doctor)


Read this news story:

An apple a day keeps the doctor away

December 28, 2013

New research says eating an apple every day can protect your body from a heart attack. The research is from Oxford University in England. The researchers said if people in England over 50 years old ate a daily apple, 8,500 fewer people would die each year from heart attacks and strokes. They added that if all adults ate more fruit and vegetables every day, there would be 11,000 fewer deaths in England. Lead researcher Dr Adam Briggs explained how healthier eating can have big effects on our health. He said: "It just shows how effective small changes in diet can be, and that both drugs and healthier living can make a real difference in preventing heart disease and stroke."

The phrase "an apple a day keeps the doctor away" entered the English language over 100 years ago. People in the 19th century knew about the benefits of apples. Scientists in the 21st century are still telling us. Apples contain chemicals that lower cholesterol in our bodies. Too much cholesterol increases the risk of having a heart attack. Wikipedia.com says there are more than 7,500 different kinds of apples. In 2010, we ate 69 million tons of the fruit. China grows nearly half of the world's apples. The USA is the second-leading producer, with around six per cent of the world’s production. People do many things with apples, from eating them raw, baking them, stewing them, and making sauces and cakes with them.

From the story:
“…. if all adults ate more fruit and vegetables every day, there would be 11,000 fewer deaths in England.”

If starts the sentence so our main action is at the end - 11,000 fewer deaths in England - on the condition that - all adults ate more fruit and vegetables every day.


Do you like apples? What is your favorite way to eat them? Raw? Baked in an apple pie?


“I would eat more apples IF they weren’t so expensive in Tokyo!”

Learn to use the conditional clause 'IF' correctly in English!!!


IF is a conditional clause in English. This means that one action will/may happen as a result (on the condition) of another action or other actions.

IF can come after the main action:
“I will go to Hawaii if I can find a cheap hotel.”

Or it can start a sentence and end with the main action:
 “If I can find a cheap hotel I will go to Hawaii.”


I will go to Hawaii if I can find a cheap hotel. – The main action is ‘go to Hawaii,’ but this action can only happen as a result of ‘finding a cheap hotel.’ (On the condition of finding a cheap hotel)

"I would eat this ice cream if I wasn't on a diet!"

"If I eat this ice cream I'll regret it tomorrow."


Other common English phrases with the word WIN


During the World Cup we will hear the verb win a lot. (hopefully used for our favorite teams!) We can win a game but we can also win respect. In English this means to earn the esteem or admiration of someone.  (get someone to think highly of you)


The phrase win respect is common in English.

“To laugh often and much; to win the respect of intelligent people and the affection of children...to leave the world a better place...to know even one life has breathed easier because you have lived. This is to have succeeded.”


-Ralph Waldo Emerson


Here is a news story from the World Cup that uses this phrase:

Click the headline for full story!

We can also win the heart (of someone) or hearts (of many). This also means have someone respect you, think highly of you. Check out this story:

Click the headline for full story!


English study tip! Preparing English to tell your own story



Do you do anything that's unusual? Do you have an odd hobby? Prepare to talk about these things in English! This is a great way increase your vocabulary and remember new words. It's also a great chance to talk about yourself with others! Let me explain what I mean with an example.

On Wednesday I went to a Red Cross center to give blood. I used to give blood in Canada and now I want to start giving again in Japan.

Of course at the blood donation center they use a lot of medical and not so common Japanese vocabulary, so I had a lot of help! But after my visit I learned some new words and sentences that I could use to talk about my experience with others in my new language! It was great! I learned new Japanese and it is very easy to remember because I can use it to talk about a real thing that happened to me!

Try to describe your own activity in English by finding a few new words and make some sentences you can use to tell others what you have done :)


English idioms - A walk in the park


Yesterday we learned how to use the word walk as a noun and a verb. Today let's learn the idiom 

A walk in the park


Look at the following example sentence:

"I was never very good at sports in high school but my brother played rugby and hockey and won many trophies. Athletics were hard for me but a walk in the park for my brother."

Can you guess the meaning? If something is a walk in the park is it difficult or easy?

So... a walk in the park means something is very easy, not difficult at all. I bet you figured that out!


A walk in the park is a common idiom that we often find in the news-


Antonio Valencia: The Key to Ecuador's Success


"Despite having a solid squad Ecuador has been placed in a tough group featuring the likes of France (FIFA Ranking-16) and Switzerland (FIFA Ranking-6). Valencia, arguably the fastest player on the planet will have to use all of his capabilities to lead his country past two of the world’s best teams. Both Switzerland and France have to be weary though, because if Valencia plays to his full potential, the Ecuadorian team will be no walk in the park." = it will NOT be easy to beat Ecuador.

What is easy for you? What's a walk in the park? Did you have an experience once that was a walk in the park? How is your team doing on the World Cup? Did they win their first game? Was it a walk in the park?

I walked VS. I took a walk...

One of my students asked me:

"What's the difference between 'I took a walk in the park' and 'I walked in the park?'"


These sentences mean the same thing but I can see the confusion. Some words have a noun and a verb form. Here's how we can tell which form the word is in so we can make our sentences with correct grammar.

If we use an article in English (A, An & The are articles) the word that follows will be a countable noun (remember A/An The refer to 1 thing) "A banana." "An orange." "The watermelon." Or a noun phrase "An old, brown banana." "A tasty, Naval orange." "The big, green watermelon."

Click the can for A, An & The review post!
So if walk is used as a noun it will come after an article
"I took a walk in the park." - took is the verb in this sentence


BUT a verb comes after the subject of a sentence
"I walked in the park." - No article = verb


This is true for all words that have a verb and a noun form.
“I want to give you a hug!” - give is the verb in this sentence


“I want to hug you!” - No article = verb


English practice exercise!

Think of 3 more words with a noun and a verb form and write a practice sentence for each word!

"Let Tony take the free kick. He kicks very well."

Happy Father's Day

Happy Father's Day everyone!!!

How did Father's Day begin?

According to Wikipedia: 

Modern Father's Day began in America in the year 1910. It was started by a woman named Sonora Smart Dodd as a compliment to Mother's Day. Sonora had 5 brothers and sisters who were all raised (taken care of) by their father after their mother passed away when Sonora was younger.

Father's Day was supported by stores across America and became around the late 1960's. In North America and many places around the world Father's Day is the third (3rd) Sunday of June but some countries and cultures celebrate on a different day and have different traditions.

How about your country? Do you celebrate Father's Day? Is it on a different day? What do you usually do? What is the meaning of Father's Day where you live?


Useful English expression - "I'm not a fan of..."


The World Cup is very popular but I was reminded by one of my English students in Japan that not everyone likes soccer/football.

In yesterday's blog post I talked about jet lag and time zones and I asked my readers if they woke up early or stayed up late to see their team play. One of my private students told me that she doesn't watch soccer. She's not a fan.

fan

 noun
a person who admires somebody/something or enjoys watching or listening to somebody/something very muchmovie fanscrowds of football fansa big fan of Madonnafan mail(= letters from fans to the person they admire)

If we talk about something we don't like, a very common English phrase is I'm not a fan. This expression is common because the feeling is not as strong as I don't like it. It's s polite way to say I'm not interested in something or I don't like something. We can use it in many situations, not just sports. For example:

With food

A: "Would you like to order some hot chicken wings?'
B: "No thanks. I'm not a fan of spicy foods."

With entertainment

A: "Madonna is coming to town next month! My friend got 4 tickets to the concert! Would you like to come?"
B: "No thanks. Live music shows are fun but I'm not a fan of Madonna."

A: "I rented 2 movies. Would you like to watch The Notebook or Mission Impossible 3?"
B: "Let's watch The Notebook , I'm not a fan of action movies."

For me personally I'm not a fan of  iced coffee. I like my coffee hot! How about you? What are you not a fan of?





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Do you know what a "Time Zone" is? How about "Jet Lag" ?

Today is July 17th in Japan, but maybe not yet where you live! Different places around the world have different times and dates. These different areas of time are called time zones in English. Canada has 5 time zones but Japan only has 1. My family in Canada are in a time zone that is 12 or 13 hours earlier than Tokyo. I live in the future!



What time zone do you live in? Do you travel? If you fly across time zones you may suffer from a condition we call jet lag in English.

jet lag

 noun
the feeling of being tired and slightly confused after a long plane journey, especially when there is a big difference in the time at the place you leave and that at the place you arrive in
I'm still suffering from jet lag after my trip to Australia.
Click for Oxford page with jet lag.
The 2014 World Cup was in Brazil. How many time zones are there in Brazil? Did you have to stay up late to watch your country play? Do you have to get up early? Do you like football/soccer? When was the last time you experienced jet lag? I have flown from Toronto to Sao Paulo 3 times but the time difference is only 1 hour so no jet lag! YAY!

"I love to travel but I don't like jet lag!"



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