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Use - 2 meanings, 2 pronunciations


USE can be a verb or a noun and the pronunciation is slightly different.  Look at these examples:

The word 'USE' can be a verb ~ "May I use your telephone? I have to call my Mom." The verb form has a Z (zee) sound at the end. YOUZ


The word 'USE' can also be a noun ~ "Studying English is a great use of your time." The noun form has an S (ess) sound at the end. YOUS

Listen to the English audio below:
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desert VS dessert - similar pronunciation

Has the pronunciation of these 2 words ever been difficult for you?

desert 


dessert 


Let's practice today! The good news is context will help you be understood, even if your pronunciation is strange.

If you said "After dinner can we have ice cream for desert?" I know what you mean, even if your pronunciation is incorrect.

Here is the sound each word makes:

dessert - DIZ-ZURRT

"After dinner can we have ice cream for dessert?"  DIZ-ZURRT

desert  - DEZ-IRT

"My student used to live in California, and he often went to the  Mojave desert with his family."  DEZ-IRT

hope VS wish - what's the difference?


hope VS wish

hope verb - to want something to happen and think that it is possible

hope (for something) We are hoping for good weather on Sunday.
All we can do now is wait and hope.
‘Will you be back before dark?’ ‘I hope so, yes.’
The exam went better than I hoped.

‘Do you think it will rain?’ ‘I hope not.’
...but I brought my folding umbrella just in case!

wish verb - to want something to happen or to be true even though it is unlikely or impossible

wish (that)… I wish I was taller.
wish I hadn't eaten so much.
‘Where is Jim now?’ ‘I only wish I knew!’

wish you wouldn't leave your clothes all over the floor.

Asking for MORE information

To ask questions that need more than a YES or NO answer 
we use other question words. 

For people:
Who~ "Who is your friend?" "Who is your favorite teacher?"
What~ "What is your friend's name?"

For things people own:
Whose~ "Whose book is this?"

For places:
Where~ "Where is your school located?" "Where were you born?"

For things:
What~ "What did you bring today?" "What is that for?"
Which~ "Which shirt should I wear?"

For purpose:
Why~ "Why did Toyota stop making that car?"


Now ask and answer your own questions. 
Try 2 questions from each type. 
Ask and answer your friends and classmates questions too!!


Asking for information with YES or NO questions

If you want to ask a question that has a YES or NO answer, put an AUXILIARY verb (like be, do or have) before the subject of our question.

Is Eric going to the party?
Are you going?
Will Brenda come?
Can I invite her?
Does Adrian know when the party starts?
Did you invite Scott?
Has he got here yet?

Each question can be answered with a YES or NO.

More examples:

Has the game started?

Do you know where my keys are?

Have any of my teachers called?

Now... Write your own examples!!!


English grammar - modal VERBS - can, could and may

Here is a basic way to use can, could and may (these are called modal verbs)


We use can when we are more certain that something will happen. Please read the example below:

Tokyo can be very hot and humid in August so it's good to drink a lot of water. ~ This happens, it is true

We use could may something is possible, but not so certain. Please read the example below:

It could may be very hot next week, be sure to bring lots of water to work. ~ There is a chance that next week will be hot, but it's not 100% certain

Here are some more examples:

"Nuclear power can be dangerous." ~ There are some examples of problems caused by nuclear power plants so we know this is true

"It could may be cold tonight so bring a sweater." ~ There is a chance that tonight will be cold

Make a few of your own examples! Write about what you know :)

In March the ice on the lake can crack, so be careful!

There is VS There are

There is VS There are

The verb "To be" has many uses. One use is to show that something exists or doesn't exist. Today let's look at There is VS There are

We use There is with singular nouns (only 1)
"There is a new shopping mall on Main street." *Shopping mall is a singular noun. (1 mall)

We use There are with plural nouns (more than 1)
"There are many stores in the mall." *Stores is a plural noun. (many stores)


Singular examples:
"There is a nice hotel near the airport."
"There's an big game on TV tonight!"
"There isn't a parking lot close to the stadium so I't's better take the bus."
We use There is... with uncountable nouns:
"There is some paper in the photocopier."

Plural examples:
"There are 4 students waiting in your office."
"There are many ways to solve this problem."
"There aren't many cafes near my office so I always bring coffee from home."

Asking questions ~

"Are there many people in your office?"
"Is there a cafeteria at your school?"

We use Is there...? with uncountable nouns:
"Is there any coffee left?"

*Make some example sentences talking about things around your office, school or neighborhood practicing there is and there are. Ask questions too!

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