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English Vocabulary - low-end


Definition from 
https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com



     Click for pronunciation
low-end - adjective - at the cheaper end of a range of similar products
"Dave bought a low-end printer."

He also bought a low-end computer.


Here are 2 cars. Which is low-end?



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English vocabulary - in office + wrinkle

English Vocabulary

in office = as president

Obama has gotten older in office = (he has really aged during his time as president)
His hair has gone gray and he has more wrinkles.


wrinkle - a line or small fold in your skin, especially on your face, that forms as you get older


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English 808 for the World!





English expression - take a toll




take a toll (on somebody/something)

to have a bad effect on somebody/something; to cause a lot of damage, deaths, suffering, etc

Illness had taken a heavy toll on her.The recession is taking a toll on the housing markets.

In the NEWS

Slips and falls taking toll on BC seniors

Slipping on icy sidewalks is causing injury to senior citizens living in British Columbia (Canada)
News story link

It's easy to slip and fall on sidewalks covered with ice.
This is causing many injuries to older people in B.C.




In the short term - In the long term

English expressions

in the long/short/ term

used to describe what will happen a long or short time in the future

"I don't think I will be happy working here in the long term."

"In the short term my new job will be difficult but after a few weeks the it will become easier."

From the NEWS ~

Sweden’s new business king takes the long-term view

Fredrik Lundberg is thinking about success in the future, not only right now.

News Story link

Richmond, B.C., set to regulate short-term rentals

The city of Richmond British Columbia (Canada) is creating rules for people who rent space in their home (for a short stay - like a hotel).

News Story link


might have (might've) VS should have (should've) ~ Updated 2018


Listen as you read and study!

Might have (might've) VS 
Should have (should've)

Several of my private and company students here in Japan have been confused by this grammar. Let me share a lesson I made to help explain these 2 phrases. If it's helpful for you be sure to leave a comment below!


Might have ~ In spoken English we say might've

Might have is used to describe something that was possible in the past if another thing had happened.

That's a bit confusing, look at this example: 

"If we had gone to Hollywood, we might've met a movie star."
~ There was a possibility to meet someone famous, but we didn't go to Hollywood. (So it wasn't possible.)



Might have is also used to express uncertainty about a past event.

"I think I might've left my umbrella on the train."
~ I lost my umbrella, I may have forgotten it on the train but I'm not certain.




Natural conversation with might've:


Andy : “The game was almost sold out by the time I got to the ticket office. There were no good seats left, I had to buy ones way out in left field.”
Will : “You might've been able to get better seats if you got there earlier.”


Vincent: “Everyone's here except Brad, he's late.”
Ian: “He might've had to work late tonight. He said work has been busy this week.”






Should have  ~ In spoken English we say should've 

Should have is used to describe something that was expected to happen, but has not happened.

The bus should've arrived ten minutes ago.
~ The bus has not arrived, I expected the bus to be here 10 minutes ago.



Should have is also used to show regret for something that cannot now be changed.

"It's so busy in Starbucks today. We should've gone to Mr Donut."

~ We're in Starbucks now but there are many customers so we have to wait. (for coffee, food, seats etc.) It was a mistake to come here, I feel going to Mr Donut was a better choice, but it's too late now.




Natural conversation with should've:


Richard: “I have bad news boss. My computer crashed and I lost all the files for the year end project.”
Boss: “What!?!? That project is very important to this company! You should've made backup copies of those files!”


John: “Did you see Grandpa this morning? He lost a lot of weight! I think the cardigan we bought him will be too big.”
Dave: “We should've bought a smaller size.”


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Might and Should definitions from oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com

Common English expression ~ At the last minute

Have you ever heard the English expression "the last minute?"

Can you guess what it means? Read this example sentence:

"My report is due tomorrow and it's not ready! I should have been working on this all week but I waited until the last minute now  I will have to work on it all night."

the last minute  means the last possible chance ~ I waited until the last possible chance to finish my report!

We often use the expression at the last minute which means means at the last possible chance

"Thanks for changing our schedule at the last minute."


Why did I wait until the last minute to write this report!?!?

We use the verb TAKE with public transportation

The English verb take has many uses. The Oxford Learner's Dictionary list 42 varieties!
take ← Click for The Oxford Learner's Dictionary website

Today we will look at this use ~ to take something to use a form of transport, a road, a path, etc. to go to a place.
  • We use the verb take with public transportation 
take a train to work.
took the bus to school.
Mario took a taxi home on Friday night 
because he drank too much. He didn’t want to drive.
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English 808 for the World!





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