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English grammar - Countable Nouns As Adjectives (Now with AUDIO!)

Do you know how to read these sentences?
"This is a $60 shirt." / "This shirt is $60."




This is a $60 shirt. = This is a sixty dollar shirt.
Easy right? Lets try the second sentence.
This shirt is $60. = This shirt is sixty dollars.
Did you get it right? In the first sentence we say "sixty dollar", but in the second sentence we say "sixty dollars." 

WHY???

In the first sentence the subject (the main noun) is "shirt," and $60 is an adjective. (Adjectives describe nouns)
If an amount of something, money, years, etc. is used as an adjective, it doesn't get an S.
"He is a 12 (twelve) year old boy." (the main subject is boy) not years
"I have a 5 (five) year contract with my company." (the main subject is contract) not years
"I eat usually lunch at my office because I only have a 45 (forty five) minute lunch break." (the main subject is lunch break) not minutes

Dollars, years, hours, minutes are all countable nouns, that means if there is more than 1 dollar or more than 1 year we need to add an S on the end. (I have 5 dollars. He has lived in Toronto for 2 years.)
Remember that in the first example sentence $60 is not a noun, it's an adjective, the main subject is the noun shirt. If you look at our second example sentence the main noun is the price of the shirt, $60.00 ~ so we say sixty dollars.
"That boy is 12 years old."
"My contract is 5 years."
"I usually eat lunch at my office because my lunch break is only 45 minutes."

Please be careful, this is a $300,000 car!!!

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Everyday English - More idioms using the word "Dog"

Let sleeping dogs lie

This expression is used to advise against actions that might cause problems. If things are fine right now, we shouldn’t change them if we think there is a danger that things may become worse.

*The idea is that if a dog is sleeping and we wake him up, he may become angry. It's better to let him sleep.

Jill: “Should I ask the boss if he's upset at my coming in late in the mornings?”

Jane: “If he hasn't said anything about it, just let sleeping dogs lie.” = If the boss didn’t say anything you shouldn’t mention it, there is no need to mention it. Maybe he hasn't noticed!

Example from The Free Dictionary


"It was obvious that Donald Trump had been forced into making a second statement on Monday regarding Saturday’s violence in Virginia. Trump couldn’t, or wouldn’t, let sleeping dogs lie."


Full news article here

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New English vocabulary - melt

New vocabulary 

melt - verb - to become or make something become liquid as a result of heating
"It was so hot my ice cream melted in only 5 or 10 seconds!"



"If you take ice cubes out of the freezer they melt."




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English Grammar ~ Do you know the difference between Tired OF and Tired FROM?


Do you know the difference between 
Tired OF and Tired FROM?

Tired of (something)
had too much of something, 
or done something too much ~
to be bored with an activity, a thing or person

"I ate at Burger King everyday this week. I am tired of hamburgers now, let's have pizza today!"
(I've eaten too many hamburgers recently. I'm bored of them now.)

"Jason works at an amusement park giving safety instructions on the balloon ride. He must be tired of saying the same thing all day every day!"
(Jason has given the same instructions many times! He must be bored saying them now.)




Tired at The Cambridge Dictionary
__________________________________________

Tired from (something)
some activity you have done has made you tired

"I'm tired from playing with my daughter for 3 hours in the park today."
(Playing with my daughter for 3 hours has made me feel tired.)

"Bernadette looks exhausted. She must be tired from all the work she did in the garden this morning."
(Doing lots of work in the garden has made Bernadette feel tired.)




Listen to the AUDIO from this post!↓



Thanks to English Stack Exchange  for help with this post!

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English expression - A few bad apples spoil the bunch


~English expressions~

I'm a cyclist, this means I ride my bicycle a lot. I often ride my bike on the road so I share the space with cars. I'm always careful and I try not to make a problem for the cars, but some cyclists are not so careful. They do dangerous things that make trouble for drivers and they make other cyclists look bad. Even though most of us are kind, a few bad apples spoil the bunch. 


A few bad apples spoil the bunch = one or two bad people can spoil everything around them




Sometimes famous people get a bad rap, a few bad apples can spoil the bunch. There are actually many famous people who are very nice to their fans!
*get a bad rap = have a reputation that is not fair or not deserved*

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