FREE English Newsletter

Learn to Use Reported Speech in English Conversation (video too!)




We use reported speech to share information that we heard from another person or information that we got from TV, newspaper, Internet etc.
There are two ways to talk about something that someone told us. 

1. We can quote the person. 
Cheryl said "I'm busy." 


You’ll see this way used in written English, like books or magazine and newspaper articles.

2. In natural conversation We change the verb tense 
and change the pronoun. From our example ~ Cheryl said "I'm busy." 
Change the verb tense (am changes to was) and change the pronoun (I changes to she)
Cheryl said "I'm busy." Becomes
Cheryl said she was busy.


This is the way to pass on what Cheryl said.





Here are some more examples.
 "I only have $4."
~ Mark said he only had 4 dollars. 




"I'm not worried about it."
~ Kristen said he wasn't worried about it.



If we report the speech of more than 1 person, we use the pronoun they.
"Darryl and I will stop by later."
~ Mike and Darryl said they would stop by later.


When we report what someone has told us is possible in the future the verb can becomes could
“I can go…”
“He could go…”
and if they tell us about something that is going to happen the verb will becomes would.
“I will go…”
“She would go…”

Daniel: "I can meet you at 5:30." 

Daniel said he could meet us at 5:30. 




Paul: “We can have lunch with you and your wife on Thursday.” 
Paul said they could have lunch with us on Thursday.



Brenda: "I won't be in town on Saturday." (Won't is a contraction of will not.)
~ Brenda said she wouldn't be in town on Saturday. (In this example would not is used as the past tense of will notWouldn't  is the contraction of would not.)


We also use this grammar when we talk about something that we heard from TV news, the radio or read in the newspaper or on the Internet. Even if we read the information, we still use the verb said to share what we have learned. When we report information from these sources we use the pronoun it.

"I read the paper (newspaper) this morning at breakfast and it said it was gonna rain today."


Reported speech can also be reporting exactly what someone has told you.
The newspaper said that it will be sunny all week. (It is a pronoun in this sentence that means the weather, we understand this from the adjective sunny.)

"George said Karen got a new job."

"Kathy said the new James Bond movie is great."




Was this post helpful for you?
Please share it with your friends!

Check out these other great posts!
๐Ÿ”ป
English pronunciation practice. 
Similar sounding numbers…
・Watch and listen to the video ๐Ÿ‘€+๐Ÿ‘‚
・Improve your pronunciation! ๐Ÿ’ฌ
・Follow along on the blog at your own pace ๐Ÿ‘

Correctly use the verbs 
LEND and BORROW in English! 
・Don’t confuse these words anymore!๐Ÿ˜•
・Sound like a native speaker! ๐Ÿ’ฌ
・VIDEO and more! ๐Ÿ“บ


English Grammar - Adjectives! Fact or Opinion? (video too!)



fact - a thing that is known to be true, especially when it can be proved
Definition HERE
Oxford Learners Dictionary


Adjectives that are facts:
color
"I'm wearing a blue shirt."

age
"I just bought a 1972 Chevy Impala."


origin (where someone/something is from)
​"French food is my favorite."

shape 
"These sunglasses are round."

size
"A big dog lives next door."







We might feel like adjectives that describe the size of something are facts but remember people can have different ideas of adjectives like big and small or tall and short. 

Adjectives like this are relative. Relative means that the word has a different meaning or a different level depending on how you compare it. Each person may have a different point of comparison or a different experience to compare it to. So The meaning of adjectives like tall and short are related to, or “relative” to each person.

An exact measurement of course is a fact.
"William is 165cm tall."


opinion - your feelings or thoughts about somebody/something, rather than a fact
Definition HERE
Oxford Learners Dictionary



Adjectives that are opinions:
cool
terrible
pretty\ugly
good\bad


When we combine fact and opinion adjectives in front of a noun, we put the opinion adjective first and the fact adjective second. 


“Richard just bought a cool red car. I'm jealous!”










“There is a terrible new restaurant on main street, I don't recommend it.”


“I saw some cool round sunglasses at the mall yesterday. They were $300.00!”

Other examples:
"Michelle is wearing a big red hat today, you can't miss her!"


"She is a smart 24 year old girl."

Was this post helpful for you?
Please share it with your friends!

Check out these other great posts too! 

๐Ÿ”ป

Prepositions IN, AT, ON  with PLACES.
VIDEO and more at my blog! 
・Learn to use these prepositions like a native!
・Follow along on the blog at your own pace
http://808english.blogspot.com/2013/07/learn-english-prepositions-in-at-on.html


Prepositions IN, AT, ON  with TIME.
VIDEO and more at my blog!
・Learn to use these prepositions like a native!
・Follow along on the blog at your own pace
http://808english.blogspot.com/2013/07/prepositions-in-at-on-time.html


Was this post helpful for you?
Please share it with your friends!

Using the conditional IF in natural English conversation (Learn with video!)

Do you want to improve your English communication and confidence? Add the conditional “IF” to your conversation skills and open up the doors of communication! 




IF is used to say that one thing can, will or might happen or be true, depending on another thing happening or being true.



I will go to the party Friday if I have time after work.

Going to the party depends on having time after work

Sentences with If are often used with the negative forms of modal verbs (won’t, can’t etc.)

We won’t play soccer tomorrow if it rains.


~ playing soccer tomorrow depends on the weather

When the verb in the ‘IF’ clause (The part of the sentence with the word IF) is in the present tense the verb in the main clause will be in the future tense.




"If I prepare a healthy lunch at home, I'll save money.
 Eating out everyday is expensive."
The verb in the IF clause is prepare, it’s in the present tense.
The verb in the main clause is will save, this is the future tense of the verb to save.


If you make your own lunch, you will know what’s in it. Lunches that are made in convenience stores have lots of unnatural ingredients in them to make them last longer.


Ken will feel much better if he has a healthier diet.


If you eat at organic restaurants once in awhile you might find something you really like that is also very healthy!


If Josh stops eating donuts for breakfast he could fit into his old suit before our class reunion next September.



"I would eat this ice cream if I wasn't on a diet!"


"If I eat this ice cream I'll regret it tomorrow."


Helpful websites for your English study:

Was this post helpful for you?
Please share it with your friends!

Check out these other great posts too!
๐Ÿ”ป

English Grammar ~ Do you know the difference between Tired OF and Tired FROM?
・Use this grammar correctly!
・Updated March 2018!
・Now with audio!

Everyday English - How to use No & None (Updated for 2018!)
・Don’t confuse these words anymore!
・Sound like a native speaker!
・VIDEO and more at my blog!

1 Simple Trick for Pronouncing long English words! (Video with bonus slides)


Do you have difficulty pronouncing LONG English words? Watch my video and learn a simple way to help your pronunciation! Improve your pronunciation and improve your English understanding!




One of my students was reading an English advertisement for fruit juice. The advertisement said the juice has no artificial colors or flavors.



Artificial was hard to pronounce for my student. Anytime one of my students has trouble pronouncing a longer word, I always break it down into syllables. 


English pronunciation tip

What's a syllable?


learn what a syllable is in the English alphabet

If your think of it like music one syllable is one beat. 
The word Dave has 1 beat. - one syllable
The word English has 2 beats. - two syllables
The word Syllables has 3 beats. - three syllables

Thinking about pronunciation this way has been very helpful for my students.

“Dave taught me how to improve my English pronunciation using syllables.”



How many beats does the word “pronunciation” have?
5!
PRO-NUN-CI-A-TION
One, two, three, four, five.


Five syllables.



Now let's think about the word artificial. 

How many syllables? 
This word has 4 beats. 
AR-TI-FI-CIAL


If you read a new word that you want to listen to so you can hear the correct pronunciation, I suggest the Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary webpage. You can get the meaning of new words and listen to how they sound. I use it often with my private students. There's a link to this site below.
Try using this simple technique the next time you are having difficulty pronouncing a long English word.


Was this post helpful for you?
Please share it with your friends!

Check out these other great posts too!

๐Ÿ”ป

100 year old woman gets arrested to fulfill her "Bucket List"
・1 minute #English ~ listening practice!๐Ÿ‘‚
・Learn the expression "Bucket List" + MORE! ๐Ÿ‘
・Improve your English with a fun story! ๐Ÿ•ฎ

English Pronunciation Practice - 13 or 30?
・Easy to follow explanation ๐Ÿ–’
・Clear text and images!๐Ÿ‘€
・Video for listening practice! ๐Ÿ“บ

Learn 50 common English phrasal verbs! + Lots of real examples!

๐Ÿ“š Learn  50 common English phrasal verbs  What is a phrasal verb? ~ In English, a phrasal verb is a combination (mixture) of ...

Most Popular posts from the last 30 days!