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English grammar - Use 'should' to give your opinion (or make a suggestion!)

English use You should take an umbrella

We practiced giving our opinion in my post 
"Share your ideas and opinion in English!" 
Click the button below if you haven't seen it yet! 


The word should is commonly used when we want to give our opinion or make a suggestion. We're saying that something is good or the right thing to do.

"It may rain this afternoon. You should take an umbrella." = Taking an umbrella is a good idea - because if it rains you will need it

"Wow it's already 1:00 am. I should go to bed." = It's a good idea if I go to bed now - because it's late


should

Should is used to share our idea or opinion, so it’s common to use it with “I think…” or “I don’t think…”

"It may rain this afternoon. I think you should take an umbrella." 

“It’s after 9:00 pm, I don’t thinkshould drink any more coffee. It will be hard to sleep!”


should

If we ask someone's opinion or idea we put should at the beginning of the sentence to make it a question.

"There will be many people coming to our party. Should we buy more wine?"



Pat: “I'm going to Sao Paulo Brazil in August, should I bring a jacket?”
Alex: “Yes. August is winter in Sao Paulo. The weather is still nice (compared to Canada's winter!) but it can get cool at night.”

We can also ask:
“I'm going to Sao Paulo Brazil in August, do you think I should bring a jacket?”

* Remember should is only a suggestion, it is not as strong as must or have to.

 "We must buy more wine, I don't want to run out again like last time."  "We have to buy more wine, I don't want to run out again like last time."
"You can never have too much wine!"


Should pt. 2

We sometimes use should to show something is strange or different than you expect.

"It's almost 11:30, the pizza should be here by now." = I expected the pizza to arrive before now.

“I saw a dog running loose in the park this morning. All dogs should be on a leash in a public park.” = It’s strange to see a dog running free in a public park.

“There is a mistake on this flyer. It should say ‘One Week Only.’ We need to fix this.”


It's a big mistake!
You should call the printer right away!

 "I ordered a new carpet 3 weeks ago, it should have arrived by now." = 3 weeks is a long time to wait and my new carpet hasn't arrived yet. It's longer than I expected.

⇜⇝
We sometimes use should to show that we expect something to happen.

Greg has worked for the company for a long time and he is a good employee. He should get a promotion soon. = I expect Greg to get a promotion because he has done a good job at the company for a long time.

"Adam’s train arrives at 3:00. The train station is small so it shouldn’t be hard to see him." = I expect it will not be difficult to find at Adam at the train station because the station is small.


⇜⇝
We can also use the negative shouldn’t when we give advice or make a suggestion.

"You shouldn’t eat that yogurt, it's been in the fridge for 3 weeks."


"Eat this yogurt instead, I just bought it this morning!"

"Mike shouldn’t drink too much at the office party on Saturday. He might say something stupid to the boss! Remember last year?"

“Women who are pregnant shouldn’t smoke. Actually no one should smoke! It’s bad for your health!”


⇜⇝
Shouldn’t plus have can be used to show regret. To show that you feel bad because of something you did. This is used for past actions.

 "I shouldn't have eaten so much pizza at dinner! Now I have a stomach ache." = I regret eating so much pizza! It was a mistake and I feel bad now.

“Mitchel shouldn't have bought that car. He used all his savings and now he can’t pay for university!” = Mitchel will regret spending all his savings on the car because now he has no money to pay his school tuition!

*We can also use should have to show the same feeling if we change the action in our sentence to show what was a good thing to do (in our opinion)


“Mitchel should have saved his money to pay for university!”

All helpful word definitions in this post are from https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/



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Grammar breakthrough! Learn 
the Passive Voice in English!
・Easy to follow explanations, learn the grammar step by step 🎞
・Helpful for beginner and advanced students πŸ‘
・Lots of natural examples! πŸ“š
・Links to helpful resources! πŸ”—
・Fun and interesting images to help you remember new grammar points πŸ‘€

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Share your ideas and opinions in English! (Sound like a native!)


Giving your Opinion πŸ’­ – Expressing your feeling πŸ’¬

Giving your Opinion in English

In this post, you will learn some natural expressions and phrases that we use in English conversation to give our opinion. What's an opinion?

opinion - noun - your feelings or thoughts about someone or something, rather than a fact
from https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/


⧬Share your feelings and 
thoughts with these expressions!⧬

Here are 4 common expressions we can use to share our ideas:

I think...

I think the government should do more to help the homeless.”

I think that children are very lucky today. They have many chances to get a good education.” (= Children are lucky now. Especially compared to the past.) 

I think hosting the Olympics is a great idea.”

In my opinion...

In my opinion, the Olympics will be really good for the country’s economy.”

“The country needs a new president in my opinion. We need to move in a new direction.”

As far as I’m concerned...

As far as I’m concerned the government should focus more on health care than on a sports contest.”

“Our current leader is doing fine as far as I’m concerned.”

If you ask me...

If you ask me there are too many government rules for starting your own business. They should encourage people to create their own jobs.”
if you ask me oscars

What do you think?


⧬Agreeing with other's opinions

Here are 3 natural expressions and phrases that we use to show we agree with someone else’s idea or opinion.

I agree.

πŸ‘΄“I think the government should do more to help the homeless.”
πŸ‘¨“I agree. We should all try to help the homeless and each other whenever we can.”

I think so too.

πŸ‘¨“In my opinion, the Olympics will be really good for the country.”
πŸ‘§“I think so too. The Olympics can bring a lot of money to the local economy.”

You're right. / I think you're right.

πŸ‘¨“Hosting the Olympics is expensive! There are better ways for the country to spend our money."
πŸ‘΄“Yes, I think you're right. The government needs to invest money where it is needed the most.”

I think so too, I think so

Do you agree?


Disagreeing with other's opinions⧬

Sometimes we agree BUT... sometimes we disagree! What if we don't share the same idea or opinion as the person we are talking to? Here are 2 natural phrases that we use to disagree with someone else's opinion.


I don't think so, I disagree

*You can use these phrases by themselves, but when you disagree with someone it is natural (and polite) to explain the reason(s) you don’t agree.

I disagree. I don’t agree.

“Giving money to the homeless is helpful? I disagree. It’s not good to just give money to people, it’s better to teach them how to take care of themselves. Offer them job training and affordable places to stay.”

I don’t think so.

“You think the Olympics will bring a lot of money to the local economy. I don’t think so. What about the 2006 winter Olympics in Turin, Italy? I heard that the city lost 32 million dollars because of the Olympic costs.”

Giving your opinion

You don't think so?

I think learning English is a great idea!

Listening to natural English sentences spoken 
by a native speaker is the best way to 
learn in my opinion!


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Hasn't VS. Doesn't have ⍰

One of my private students in Japan πŸ—Ύasked me:
He hasn't any money. Or He doesn't have any money. πŸ’ΈWhich is correct?
In this post, I'll explain with some examples 

Good AT or Good WITH? - Confusing English 
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Use the passive voice in English ~ 20 real examples!


Grammar breakthrough!
Learn the Passive Voice in English! 
  • Easy to follow explanations, learn the grammar step by step 
  • Helpful for beginner and advanced students πŸ‘
  • Lots of natural examples! πŸ“š
  • Links to helpful resources! πŸ”—
  • Fun and interesting images to help you remember new grammar points πŸ‘€

active voice VS passive voice bitten by a mosquito

Passive voice

Many of my private and company English students have trouble using the passive voice, so I was inspired to write this blog post!

Harry was struck by lightning! passive voice
"Harry was struck by lightning!"

I will explain the active and passive voice with some simple examples.

A mosquito bit Paul. ~ This sentence is in the active voice. The subject of our sentence does something.

Paul was bitten by a mosquito. ~ This sentence is in the passive voice. Something happens to the subject of our sentence.

grammar point

Here is a simple way we can think about the passive voice. If the subject of our sentence gets or receives something (something happens to the subject) we use the correct form of the verb to be (am, is, are, was, were) plus the past participle form of the verb in the main action.
"Paul was bitten by a mosquito."

The subject of a sentence is the noun (person, place or thing) that did, does or is doing something: 

Ryan drives a Corvette. (Ryan is the subject of this sentence)

~ or the noun that is being something.

His Corvette is red. (Ryan's Corvette is the subject of this sentence)

What are the subjects of these 2 examples?

① A mosquito bit Paul.

② Paul was bitten by a mosquito.


A mosquito bit me

In sentence ① 'A mosquito' is the subject because it did something  ~ It bit Paul.

In sentence ② 'Paul' is the subject because he was bitten ~ Paul received a bite.

When we want to talk about something that happened to someone or something we will use the passive voice. The grammar from example ②.


"Paul was bitten by a mosquito."

✩✩✩
"...we use the correct form of the verb to be (am, is, are, was, were) plus the past participle form of the verb in the main action."
What is the past participle?

The past participle is a verb form used for making perfect tense (had given - have given - will have given) and for the passive voice (she was given a new computer). 

Remember we use the correct tense of the verb to be with the past participle form of the verb from the main action.

Paul was bitten by a mosquito. (Bitten is the past participle of bite.)

Present tense ~ bite

Past tense ~ bit

Past participle ~ bitten


A common example of the past participle that maybe you have heard before is eaten. This is the past participle of the verb: to eat

Present tense ~ eat 

Past tense ~ ate

Past participle ~ eaten

"When I got to the party I was too late to have cake. My family had eaten everything! They didn't save me a piece."
This is the past perfect tense. My family ate all the cake!

“The cake had been eaten!” 
This is the passive voice. In the passive voice the cause of what happened is often not known or not important. In this example whoever ate the cake is not important. The main focus here is that the cake is gone. 



We use the preposition by if we want to say what caused the action.
“The cake had been eaten by my family!”
*Remember: "Paul was bitten by a mosquito."

Another example: to forget

Present tense ~ forget 

Past tense ~ forgot

Past participle ~ forgotten 

"Alex had forgotten to pack his toothbrush, so he had to buy one from the drug store beside his hotel."
Past perfect

“The lost and found office at the station is full of umbrellas that were forgotten on the train.” 
Passive voice

English grammar, Passive voice

For all regular verbs (verbs whose past tense is ~ed) the past participle and the past tense are the same. 

Present tense ~ clean

Past tense ~ cleaned

Past participle ~ cleaned

"My brother said he had cleaned his room this morning, but he was watching TV."
Past tense

"The hotel rooms are cleaned every morning before 11:00." 

Some irregular verbs also use the same form for past and the past participle.

Present tense ~ buy

Past tense ~ bought

Past participle ~ bought

"Have you ever bought something and then felt like it was a mistake the next day?"
Present perfect

“The painting was bought by a private collector in 1911 and it was given to the museum by his family in 1976.”
Passive voice 

There is a link to a list of verb forms with the past participle at the end of this post!


More common passive voice examples!

Harry was struck by lightning!

Present tense ~ strike

Past tense ~ struck

Past participle ~ struck


Brian was promoted after just 6 months. 

Present tense ~ promote

Past tense ~ promoted

Past participle ~ promoted

Compare

➧The company promoted Brian after just 6 months. 
*The company is the subject in this sentence so we use the active voice. The company did something, it promoted Brian. In this sentence promoted is the past tense of promote, not the past participle. (The past tense and the past participle are the same!)



We can also use the verb get in the passive voice. This is used in conversation.

I can't believe Brian got promoted after only 6 months!

There was a big car accident on the street in front of my office. Luckily no one got hurt.

Hurt is one of a few verbs that don't change between present, past and the past participle.

Present tense ~ hurt

Past tense ~ hurt

Past participle ~ hurt

The past participle is sometimes used as an adjective.

"The car has a broken window." ~ in this sentence broken is an adjective. It is describing the condition of the car window. Broken is the past particle of the verb break.

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Different verb tenses

passive voice examples


Next week is my mother's birthday. 
I will order flowers for her from a florist in Canada and have them delivered. Let's use this situation with some examples of the passive voice using different verb tenses. Something is happening to the flowers, the subject of our sentences. (except for future continuous!)

Simple present
Flowers are delivered every day.


Present continuous
Flowers are being delivered right now.


Simple past
Flowers were delivered 2 days ago.


Past continuous
The flowers were being delivered when I phoned the florist.


Present perfect
Flowers have been delivered in Canada since 1877.


Past perfect
The flowers had been delivered before my mom got home.


Future
The flowers will be delivered next Tuesday.


Future continuous
That flower truck has been behind us for 15 minutes. I think we are being followed!


Present conditional
The flowers will be delivered if there are no problems with your credit card.


Past conditional
The flowers would have been delivered if we had enough roses.


How do you feel about the passive voice now? Can use it with confidence? Write some examples in the comments below!


passive voice, English  grammar

Learning a verbs' past participle form is important for using the passive voice. This is a link for "50 Most Common Irregular Verbs" from ESL-Lounge.com
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