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English vocabulary with the suffix ~ish (Learn the grammar + video!)

Increase your English vocabulary 
with the suffix ~ish

What is a suffix?
A suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word to make another word.

English Suffixes are used many ways

to make the plural form of a noun
watch - watches 

to make the comparative form of an adjective
big - bigger

or change the word form  
happy - happiness

Let's learn how you can use the suffix -ish to easily increase your English vocabulary.

-ish can mean = it’s like, or has the quality of
foolish – like a fool
stylish – has good style
childish – like a child

Here are some more examples:

"I can’t wear these shoes, they’re my sisters! They’re too girlish for me."

When Linda was young she was kind of boyish, she was always playing sports and fishing with her brothers.

I asked my friend Martin how he was feeling today? He said he wasn't feeling great. He had a headache and felt a bit feverish.
Do you know what a fever is?
So can you guess what feverish means?

feverish means having or showing the symptoms of a fever.
Martin said he was feeling a bit feverish so maybe he doesn’t have a fever, but he feels the symptoms a little bit.

we can also use ~ish to describe something from an area or country~
Someone or something from Spain is Spanish
Spanish rice, Spanish dancing, and the Spanish language

Someone or something from England is English
A typical English breakfast, we can talk about English weather, and of course the English language 

Someone or something from Scotland is Scottish
A Scottish man, wearing Scottish clothes, playing Scottish music

More examples:
From Finland - Finnish
From Sweden - Swedish
From Britain - British
From Ireland - Irish
From Denmark - Danish

Of course this doesn't work for every country so be careful!
I’m from Canada but I’m Canadian, not Canadaish!

It's very common to use -ish with numbers to mean approximately, or about that number. 
We often use when we talk about time.
“I'll come by about 7-ish.” = I'll come by at approximately 7:00.

Also with someone's age.
“I'm not sure how old Carl is, I think he's 35-ish?”
This means about or near 35.

Adjectives with -ish. 
We can also use -ish with other adjectives.
Colors are very often used with -ish to mean very similar but not exactly, or a combination of 2 colors.
"My new suit is bluish gray."
"The sun turned the sky reddish orange this morning. It was beautiful."

Other adjectives too. Other adjectives with ~ish often usually mean a weaker version of that adjective
"My coffee is kind of warmish now, I prefer to drink it hot. Time for a refill!"
This means the coffee is a little bit warm, from this example we get the feeling that it’s not warm enough.

Some native speakers use -ish a lot to describe things, and they often make up completely new words! English speakers know that if they add -ish to the end of a word it will be understood as “like that thing” People often use it with things that are famous or well known.
If someone's hair looks like a celebrity’s hair we might say...
"I like that man’s hair it’s kind of George Clooney-ish." 
His hair is like George Clooney’s hair.

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English expressions ~ hand-me-down VS passed down

hand-me-down - noun - a piece of clothing that someone has given to a younger person because they no longer want it (This has a slightly negative feeling)

"My dad's family didn't have a lot of money growing up so he had to wear his older brother's hand-me-downs.

pass something down - phrasal verb - to teach or give something to someone who will be alive after you have died (This has a more positive or special feeling. The thing you are given is important or valuable.

"This watch was passed down from my grandfather to my father, who then passed it down to me. It has been in our family for 3 generations."

This jewelry was passed down to my mother from my grandmother.

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English expression - "Slipped my mind"

Slipped my mind - forgot

“I bought party invitations but I forgot to mail them! It completely slipped my mind.”

"Sorry I can't meet you for dinner tonight. I have a meeting after work, it slipped my mind."


English 808 for the World!

FREE English e-book! SEE, WATCH and LOOK AT

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English 808 for the World!

hasn't VS. doesn't have - Great student question! (Updated with video 2018)

Hasn't VS. Doesn't have

One of my private students in Japan asked me:
He hasn't any money. Or He doesn't have any money. Which is correct?
I'll explain with some examples ~

We use the verb "have" 2 ways in English. One way is as the main verb ~ 
I have time on Wednesday.
Mike has the project files.
Have is the main verb

Another way is as an auxiliary (helper) verb - it helps the main verb ~ example sentences
I'vbeen to Mexico twice.
Has anyone seen Karen today?
Have is the auxiliary verb in these sentences. The main verbs are been ~the past participle of the verb to be~ and seen ~the past participle of the verb to see.

When have is the main verb in a sentence we will use the the verb do as an auxiliary verb for the negative. (don't/doesn't) 

Let's look at the negative form of our first 2 example sentences:
I don't have time tomorrow.
Mike doesn't have the project files anymore. He gave them to Kevin.
Have is the main verb

When have is the auxiliary verb in a sentence we will use it's negative form (haven't/hasn't). 

Let's look at the negative form of our other 2 example sentences:
I have been to Mexico but I haven't been to Australia yet.
Hasn't anyone seen Karen today?
Have is the auxiliary verb

Hasn't anyone seen Mike?

So.... Which is correct?

He hasn't any money.
He doesn't have any money. 

He doesn't have any money!

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