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Spring Vocabulary pt.2 - Talk about Spring in English! (2018)

We learned how to talk about ๐ŸŒธSpring flowers blooming and seeing beautiful blossoms in my last post. Spring is a season of renewal. (Things become new again) ๐ŸŒผPlants and ๐Ÿ‡animals become active again as the weather gets warmer. It's a happy time of year. 
UNLESS… you have allergies!!!๐Ÿ˜ท

Trees and flowers are beautiful but they also create a lot of pollen in Spring.

Pollen is a fine powder, usually yellow, that is formed in flowers and carried to other flowers of the same kind by the wind or by insects, to make those flowers produce seeds.๐ŸŒบ

An allergy caused by pollen is called hay fever in English. The characters used in Japan for this allergy mean pollen and illness.

่Šฑ็ฒ‰ pollen ็—‡ illness ~ ่Šฑ็ฒ‰็—‡ = hay fever

People who suffer from hay fever sneeze a lot, and have watery eyes during Spring. 

      Click for pronunciation
sneeze (verb) to have air come suddenly and noisily out through your nose and mouth in a way that you cannot control, for example because you have a cold

      Click for pronunciation
watery (adjective) of or like water; containing a lot of water
His eyes were red and watery. (When we say someone’s eyes are watery, it means they have water in their eyes. Usually from air conditions or allergies. This is different from crying)

In Japan there are many Cherry trees that have beautiful blossoms and also many cedar trees around Tokyo. (My first apartment was in a city called Cedar Row! ๆ‰ไธฆ) Many trees make a lot of pollen, so people with hay fever have a hard time in March and April.

Birds come back in Spring, or they become active in Spring. We can hear their singing and chirping more often than the winter months.

     ↙  Click for pronunciation
chirp (noun) a short high sound made by small birds (and some insects) ๐Ÿค๐Ÿž

chirp (verb) to make short high sounds
“I can hear birds chirping in the trees.”

Some other signs of Spring are bees and mosquitoes!


↘Click for pronunciation↙

How about where you live? Is there lots of pollen in the air? Do you have allergies? 
Lots of bugs? (Bugs is a casual way to say insects) Tell me about Spring where you're from in the comments below!
Use your new English!

All Spring vocabulary definitions are from:

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English blog - Spring vocabulary pt.1! (2018)
・Learn new Spring vocabulary!๐ŸŽ
・Natural example sentences!๐Ÿ“
・Lots of images too ๐ŸŽจ

Learn to use the English Phrasal Verbs 
Break IN and Break UP!
・Updated for 2018! ๐Ÿ 
・10 example sentences ๐Ÿ“
・Video & Interactive quiz!๐Ÿ“น⨹❔

English blog - Spring vocabulary! (2018)

๐ŸŒธSpring has arrived! (This is a natural way to say “It's now Spring!”)

In today's blog post let's practice some words we use when Spring arrives! 

*For my friends in Australia and Brazil (and all of South America), Fall has arrived, not Spring. We can still practice this vocabulary together! You can use it when spring comes to your part of the world (the Southern Hemisphere) in September.

Do you know what a hemisphere is?

In English we often talk about the signs of spring. Signs are things that show us something or give us information. 

①Signs can be a piece of paper, wood or metal that has writing or a picture on it that gives you information, instructions, a warning, etc.

A stop sign and a public bathroom sign.

②Signs can also be  an event, an action, a fact, etc. that shows that something exists, is happening or may happen in the future

Headaches may be a sign of stress.

The signs that tell us Spring is coming are things like flowers blooming and plants turning green. Also lots of insects come around and in many countries (where I'm from for example) birds return for the spring season. 

Some Spring vocabulary ๐ŸŒธ
2 words that can be tricky are bloom and blossom. We use these words when we talk about flowers. Both can be used as a noun or as a verb! I will teach you with some natural examples so you will know which one is a noun, which one is a verb and when to use them!

noun - a flower (usually one on a plant that people admire for its flowers)
~ the exotic blooms of the orchid
*This use of bloom is not so common in natural conversation. Flower is usually the most natural choice BUT we often hear the idiom in (full) bloom which means -
 (of trees, plants, gardens, etc.) with the flowers fully open
"The roses were in full bloom."

verb - to produce flowers
"Most roses will begin to bloom from late May."
*The is a natural use of the verb bloom

noun - a flower or a mass of flowers, especially on a fruit tree or bush
"The cherry blossoms are beautiful this year!"

verb - (of a tree or bush) to produce blossom
"The cherry trees blossomed early this year."

Confused? Look at the 2 sentences together.
"The cherry blossoms are beautiful this year!" ~ cherry blossoms (noun) are the subject of this sentence. Are is the verb.
*The noun form is usually plural (more than one) blossoms.

"The cherry trees blossomed early this year." ~ cherry trees (noun) are the subject of this sentence. Blossomed is the verb. (past tense)

Write something about Spring (or Fall!) in your country in the comments below! Are there lots of blossoms? When do flowers bloom? What kind of flowers?

All helpful word definitions come from 
Oxford Learner's Dictionaries dot com!

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100 year old woman gets arrested to fulfill her "Bucket List"
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・Learn the expression "Bucket List" + MORE!
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Use the words Over and Under as prefixes! 
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English question ~ What's the difference between an athlete and a player?

The winter Olympics were in South Korea in 2018 and during the games, we heard the word athlete used a lot. The news talked about people competing from countries all over the world.

One of my private students here in Japan asked me "What's the difference between an athlete and a player?" It’s a good question and I thought maybe other people studying English have the same question so I'd like to answer it in this blog post. I hope it's helpful for you!

Athlete vs Player

    Click for pronunciation
player - a person who takes part in a game or sport
a tennis/rugby/chess, player etc.

2 chess players

     Click for pronunciation
athlete - a person who competes in sports
"Canada's Olympic athletes marched together for the opening ceremony of the 2010 Vancouver winter games."

What's the difference?

Athlete is a more general word that can be used to describe a person involved in sports or physical activities.

The Olympics has teams with players, but only for sports like tennis, soccer etc. Sports that use a ball. 

Events that are not measured by goals but measured by time, (the fastest skater for example) 

~ measured by distance (the longest ski jump for example) 

~ or scored by judges (snowboard half-pipe, figure skating etc.) 

the participants are usually called athletes not players.

~ Rock climbers are athletes but we don't call them players.

Player is more specific, it's used for games or sports that you "play" against another person or team. (You can also play a game against a computer) Play is used for sports with a ball. We also play hockey (hockey uses a puck) and badminton (badminton uses a shuttlecock).

~ Lionel Messi is considered one of the best soccer players alive.

*For many Olympic sports we call the participants by their sport name + er. The same way someone who washes windows is a window washer, someone who snowboards is a snowboarder, someone who skates is a skater etc.

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2:30 minute English listening practice! "Dieting Advice" (10 new words explained!)

๐ŸŽงAudio Player and YouTube video at the bottom of this post!๐ŸŽง

Dieting: Old Advice, New Again

From: The Times in Plain English

Diets usually fail. That’s how dieting has become a billion-dollar business. You lose weight, you stop dieting, you gain back the weight that you lost, and you start again on another diet.

Is there a better way? The answer is yes. And it’s easy. What is it? Change the way you eat.

It’s different for every person, but there are some general rules.

Read nutrition labels before you buy anything in a package.

Practice portion control.

Exercise and weigh yourself every day. If the number on the scale begins to creep up, you should walk, bike or swim a little more. You should eat a little less for a few days.

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Eat everything you want, but eat in moderation.

Eat many homemade meals. Load the meals with vegetables.

Choose calorie-controlled snacks like popcorn, graham crackers, and ice cream (really ice milk). No seconds!

Reduce calories over the long term.

You are most likely to be successful when you decide what changes in diet to make and when. Dietary change is a slow process. It’s one that requires ongoing attention.

An expert said “I do not believe in diets or any particular products. I believe in learning how to create a healthy lifestyle. The formula is simple."

  • Stop eating junk food,
  • Eat good food that is real, not processed,

  • Avoid drinking your calories,
  • Know what one serving is and do not eat more than that in a sitting,

  • Move your butt every day — even just walking is better than being a couch potato, and
  • Stop making excuses.

Watch out for package claims of “low fat” or “low carbohydrate.”

Read the facts on the nutrition label. Sugar often compensates for flavor.

Fruit juice may be fat-free. But it is not low in calories. It contains large amounts of sugar.

Download a comprehensive calorie chart of common foods. It will help you make changes that will cut about 500 calories from your daily diet. Do the same with an exercise chart.

Read the original article @
Watch/Listen HERE๐Ÿ‘‚

Listen HERE๐Ÿ‘‚

Vocabulary definitions are from:

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